• General Studies – 1
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  • General Studies – 3
  • General Studies – 4

Science & Technology

Since India s making advancements in Space and Missile technology, latest public health care systems , an aspirant is expected to be aware of these developments.Indian IPR Policies need to be watched carefully as it is a contended topic which affects our businesses and international relations.

Questions from the topic vary in number in 2013, 2014 and 2015 papers.But you can expect at least two from this.

  1. Achievements of Indians in science & technology
  2. Indigenization of technology & developing new technology
  3. Awareness in fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nanotechnology, Biotechnology
  4. Issues relating to intellectual property rights
  • Missile and Defence Technology
  • Indian Patent System
  • Compulsory Licensing
  • Nanotechnology
  • Newspapers
  • The Hindu and Indian Express
  • RSTV Science Monitor

2013 MAINS

  1. Bringing out the circumstances in 2005 which forced amendment to the section 3(d) in Indian Patent Law, 1970, discuss how it has been utilized by the Supreme Court in its judgement in rejecting Novartis’ patent application for ‘Glivec’. Discuss briefly the pros and cons of the decision. 
  2. What do you understand by Fixed Dose drug Combinations (FDCs)? Discuss their merits and demerits. 
  3. What do you understand by Umpire Decision Review System in cricket? Discuss its various components. Explain how silicone tape on the edge of a bat may fool the system?
  4. What is a digital signature? What does its authentication mean? Give various salient built-in features of a digital signature. 
  5. How does the 3D printing technology work? List out the advantages and disadvantages of the technology. 
  6. What is an FRP composite material? How are they manufactured? Discuss their application in aviation and automobile industries.
  7.  What do you understand by Run-of-river hydroelectricity project? How is it different from any other hydroelectricity project?

2014 MAINS

  1. Scientific research in Indian universities is declining, because a career in science is not as attractive as are business professions, engineering or administration, and the universities are becoming consumer-oriented. Critically comment.
  2. Can overuse and free availability of antibiotics without Doctor’s prescription, be contributors to the emergence of drug-resistant disease’s in India? What are the available mechanisms for monitoring and control? Critically discuss the various issues involved.
  3. In a globalized world, Intellectual Property Rights assume significance and are a source of litigation. Broadly distinguish between the terms—Copyrights, Patents and Trade Secrets.

2015 MAINS

  1. What do you understand by ‘Standard Positioning Systems’ and ‘Protection Positioning Systems’ in the GPS era? Discuss the advantages India perceives from its ambitious IRNSS programme employing just seven satellites.
  2. What are the areas of prohibitive labour that can be sustainably managed by robots? Discuss the initiatives that can propel research in premier research institutes for substantive and gainful innovation.
  3. India’s Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) which has a database containing formatted information on more than 2 million medicinal formulations is proving a powerful weapon in the country’s fight against erroneous patents. Discuss the pros and cons making this database publicly available under open-source licensing.