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  • GENERAL ESSAY PAPER

Disasters & Disaster management

With increasing changes to our climate and environment, knowing about disasters, finding methods to get prepared, to mitigate  and to get  adapted to changes are quite essential to day to day life. This makes the topic important for UPSC.

  1. International Efforts towards disaster management: Hyogo and Sendai
  2. National Disaster Management Act 2005
  3. State level Disaster management Machinery
  4. Manmade and Natural Disasters
  5. Latest events

2013 MAINS

  1. How important are vulnerability and risk assessment for pre-disaster management? As an administrator, what are key areas that you would focus on in a Disaster Management System? (200 words)

2014 MAINS

  1. Drought has been recognized as a disaster in view of its spatial expanse, temporal duration, slow onset and lasting effects on vulnerable sections. With a focus on the September 2010 guidelines from the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), discuss the mechanisms for preparedness to deal with likely El Nino and La Nina fallouts in India.

2015 MAINS

  1. The frequency of earthquakes appears to have increased in the Indian subcontinent. However, India’s preparedness for mitigating their impact has significant gaps. Discuss various aspects.