• General Studies – 1
  • General Studies – 2
  • General Studies – 3
  • General Studies – 4

Indian Culture-Art Forms, Literature and Architecture

Indian Culture is an integral part of UPSC Mains Examination. Knowing the history means you are no more in the dark and it will give any extra edge while writing the answers. Looking at questions from the previous year, the thrust areas are Architecture and Sculptures.

  • NCERT- Class XI- An Introduction to Indian Art
  • Spectrum’s Facets of Indian Culture
  • For Reference: A L Basham – The Wonder That was India

2015 MAINS

  1. The ancient civilization in Indian sub-continent differed from those of Egypt , Mesopotamia, and Greece in that its culture and traditions have been preserved without breakdown to the present day. Comment.
  2. Mesolithic rock cut architecture of India not only reflects the cultural life of the times but also a fine aesthetic sense comparable to modern painting. Critically evaluate this comment.

2014 MAINS

  1. To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss.
  2. Gandhara sculpture owed as much to the Romans as to the Greeks. Explain.
  3. Taxila university was one of the oldest universities of the world with which were associated a number of renowned learned personalities of different disciplines. Its strategic location caused its fame to flourish, but unlike Nalanda, it is not “considered as a university in the modern sense. Discuss.
  4. The third battle of Panipat was fought in 1761. Why were so many empire-shaking battles fought at Panipat?
  5. Sufis and medieval mystic saints failed to modify either the religious ideas and practices or the outward structure of Hindu / Muslim societies to any appreciable extent. Comment.

2013 MAINS

  1. Though not very useful from the point of view of a connected political history of South India, the Sangam literature portrays the social and economic conditions of its time with remarkable vividness. Comment.
  2. Discuss the ‘Tandava’ dance as recorded in early Indian inscriptions.
  3. Chola architecture represents a high watermark in the evolution of temple architecture. Discuss.