• INDIAN POLITY FOR CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATIONS
  • Indian Culture for Prelims Preparation
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  • Indian History
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Religion & Movements of India

  1. Hinduism
  2. Charvaka
  3. Ajivikas
  4. Buddhism
  5. Jainism
  6. Adi Shankara’s Vedanta
  7. Bhakti
  8. Sufi
  9. Lingayat
  10. Alvar
  11. Nayanar
  12. Ashoka’s Dhamma
  13. Akbar’s Din-i-lahi
  • Ancient India by Makkan Lal- Chapter 9, 10 & 12
  • Class VI-NCERT- Our Pasts I- Chapters 7,8 & 10
  • Class VII-NCERT- Our Pasts II- Chapter 8
  • Class XII- NCERT- Themes in Indian History – Part I- Chapter 4
  • Class XII- NCERT- Themes in Indian History – Part II- Chapter 6
  • Spectrum’s Facets of Indian Culture- Chapter 2

[2010 prelims]

1)Why did Buddhism start declining in India in the early medieval times?

1. Buddha was at that time considered as one of the incarnations of Vishnu and thus became a part of Vaishnavism.
2. The invading tribes from Central Asia till the time of last Gupta king adopted Hinduism and persecuted Buddhists.
3. The Kings of Gupta dynasty were strongly opposed to Buddhism.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

2)Among the following, who was not a proponent of Bhakti cult?
(a) Nagarjuna
(b) Tukaram
(c) Tyagraja
(d) Vallabhacharya

[2011 Prelims]

1)The Jain philosophy holds that the world is created and maintained by ?
(a) Universal law.
(b) Universal truth.
(c) Universal faith.
(d) Universal soul.

2)The “dharma” and “Rita” depict a central Idea of ancient vedic civilization of India. In this context, consider the following statements :
1. Dharma was a conception of obligations and of the discharge of one’s duties to oneself and to others.
2. Rita was the fundamental moral law governing the functioning of the universe and all it contained.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 only.
(c) Both 1 and 2.
(d) Neither 1 nor 2.

[2012 Prelims]

1)Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called “Bhumiparsh Mudra”. it symbolizes
a) Buddha’s calling of the earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation
b) Buddha’s calling of the earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara
c) Buddha’s reminder to his followers that they all arise from the earth and finally dissolve into the earth and thus this life is transitory
d) both a and b are correct.

2)The religion of early Vedic Aryans was primarily of
a) bhakti
b) image worship and yajnas
c) worship of nature and yajnas
d) worship of nature and bhakti

3)With reference to the history of ancient India, which of the following was/were common to both Buddhism and Jainism?
1. Avoidance of extremities of penance and enjoyment
2. Indifference to the authority of the Vedas
3. Denial of efficacy of rituals

Select the correct answers using the codes given below:
a. 1 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3

[2013 Prelims]

1)Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism?
(a) The extinction of the flame of desire
(b) The complete annihilation of self
(c) A state of bliss and rest

(d) A mental stage beyond all comprehension

2)Which of the following statements is/are applicable to Jain doctrine?
1. The surest way of annihilating Karma is to practice penance.
2. Every object, even the smallest particle has a soul.
3. Karma is the bane of the soul and must be ended.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

3)Consider the following Bhakti Saints:
1. Dadu Dayal
2. Guru Nanak
3. Tyagaraja
Who among the above was/were preaching when the Lodi dynasty fell and Babur took over?
(a) 1 and 3
(b) 2 only
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 1 and 2

[2014 Prelims]

1)Which of the following Kingdoms were associated With the life of the Buddha?
1. Avanti
2. Gandhara
3. Kosala
4. Magadha
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 3 and 4 only

[2015 Prelims]

1)Which of the following kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha?
1. Avanti
2. Gandhara
3. Kosala
4. Magadha
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4
(d) 3 and 4 only ( a repeat from 2014 )

[2017 Prelims]

With reference to the religious history of India, consider the following statements:

  1. Sautrantika and Sammitiya were the sects of Jainism.
  2. Sarvastivadin held that the constituents of phenomena were not wholly momentary, but existed forever in a latent form.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B