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Panchayats and Municipalities of Indian for IAS Prelims Preparation

  1. Evolution of Urban and rural Bodies
  2. 73rd and 74th Amendments
  3. Compulsory and Voluntary Provisions
  4. Types of Urban Bodies
  5. PESA, 1996
  6. Forest Rights Act, 2006


  • Laxmikant 4th edition:  Chapter 34 , 35

[2011 Prelims]

1) In India, a metropolitan planning committee :
1. Is constituted under the provisions of the constitution of India.
2. Prepares the draft development plans for the metropolitan area.
3. Has the sole responsibility for implementing government sponsored schemes in the metropolitan area.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 and 2 only.
b) 2 only.
c) 1, 3 only.
d) 1, 2 and 3.
2) The constitution (seventy-third amendment) act, 1992, which aims at promoting the Panchayati raj institutions in the country, provides for which of the following?
1. Constitution of district planning committees.
2. State election commissions to conduct all panchayat elections.
3. Establishment of state finance commission.
State the correct answer using the codes given below :
(a) 1 only.
(b) 2 and 3 only.
(c) 2 and 3 only.
(d) 1, 2,and 3.

[2012 Prelims]

1) How do District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) help in the reduction of rural poverty in India?

1. DRDAs act as Panchayati Raj Institutions in certain specified backward regions of the country.
2. DRDAs undertake area-specific scientific study of the cause of poverty and malnutrition and prepare detailed remedial measures.
3. DRDAs secure inter-sectoral and inter-departmental coordination and cooperation for effective implementation of anti-poverty programmes.
4. DRDAs watch over and ensure effective utilisation of the funds intended for anti-poverty programme.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

a) 1, 2 and 3 only
b) 3 and 4 only
c) 4 only
d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

2) In the areas covered under the Panchayat (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 what are the role/ power of Gram Sabha?
1. Gram Sabha has the power to prevent alienation of land in the scheduled area.
2. Gram Sabha has the ownership of minor forest produce
3. Recommendation of gram Sabah is required for granting prospecting licence or mining lease for any mineral in the scheduled areas.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3

[2013 Prelims]

1) The Government enacted the Panchayat Extension to Scheduled Area (PESA) Act in 1996. Which one of the following is not identified as its objective?
a) To provide self-governance
b) To recognize traditional rights
c) To create autonomous regions in tribal areas
d) To free tribal people from exploitation.

2) Under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers [Recognition of Forest Rights] Act, 2006, who shall be the authority to initiate the process for determining the nature and extent of individual or community forest rights or both?

a) State Forest Department
b) District Collector/Deputy Commissioner
c) Tahsildar/Block Development Officer/ Mandal Revenue Officer
d) Gram Sabha

[2015 Prelims]

1)The fundamental object of Panchayati Raj System is to ensure which among the following?
1. People’s participation in development
2. Political accountability
3. Democratic Decentralization
4. Financial Mobilization
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
a) 1,2,3
b) 2,4
c) 1,3
d) 1,2,3,4

[2016 Prelims]

1)Consider the following statements:

1.The minimum age prescribed for any person to be a member of Panchayat is 25 years.

2.A Panchayat reconstituted after premature dissolution continues only for the remainder period.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


[2017 Prelims]

Local self-government can be best explained as an exercise in

(a) Federalism

(b) Democratic decentralisation

(c) Administrative delegation

(d) Direct democracy

Answer: B