• Indian Culture for Prelims Preparation
  • Environment and Ecology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Science & Technology
  • Indian History
  • Current Affairs

International Environmental Conventions and Protocols

  1. Ramsar Convention
  2. Stockholm Convention on Environment
  3. Rio Convention 1992
  5. Kyoto Protocol
  6. Convention on Biodiversity and related Protocols
  7. Paris Climate Change Agreement
  8. Convention on Migratory Birds
  9. CITES
  10. Montreal Protocol
  11. Other Important Conventions
  1. http://envfor.nic.in/division/international-conventions
  2. http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/global_policy/gpu_our_work/conventions_gpu/

[2014 Prelims]

1)If a wetland of international importance is brought under the ‘Montreux Record’, what does it imply?

(a) Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur in the wetland as a result of human interference.

(b) The country in which the wetland is located should enact a law to prohibit any human activity within five kilometres from the edge of the wetland

(c) The survival of the wetland depends on the cultural practices and traditions of certain communities living in its vicinity and therefore the cultural diversity therein should not be destroyed

(d) It is given the status of ‘World Heritage Site

2)Consider the following international agreements:

  1. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
  2. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
  3. The World Heritage Convention

Which of the above has / have a bearing on the biodiversity?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only,

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2. and 3

[2015 Prelims]

1)Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of  ozone-depleting substances?

(a) Bretton Woods Conference

(b) Montreal Protocol

(c) Kyoto Protocol

(d) Nagoya Protocol

2)What is Rio+20 Conference, often mentioned in the news?

(a) It is the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

(b) It is a Ministerial Meeting of the World Trade Organization

(c) It is a Conference of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

(d)It is a Conference of the Member Countries of the Convention on Biological Diversity

[2017 Prelims]

1) Consider the following statements:

  1. Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) to Reduce Short Lived Climate Pollutants is a unique initiative of G20 group of countries.
  2. The CCAC focuses on methane, black carbon and hydrofluorocarbons.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

2) With reference to ‘Global Climate Change Alliance’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It is an initiative of the European Union.
  2. It provides technical and financial support to targeted developing countries to integrate climate change into their development policies and budgets.
  3. It is coordinated by World Resources Institute (WRI) and World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD).

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A

3) Consider the following statements in respect of Trade Related Analysis of Fauna and Flora in Commerce (TRAFFIC):

  1. TRAFFIC is a bureau under United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  2. The mission of TRAFFIC is to ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B