• Indian Culture for Prelims Preparation
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What UPSC says about Indian Polity?

Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues etc.

About the subject:

Indian Polity essentially forms the basis of the Civil Services examinations, whether it is from the standpoint of Prelims, Mains or the Personality Test (Interview).

As per the UPSC syllabus mentioned above, the subject covers topics ranging from the Fundamentals of the Constitution, rights and duties of the state and individuals, the pillars of democracy, tiers of governance, power structures, functioning and so on.

Indian Polity is both static and dynamic in its presence in the UPSC Civil Service Examinations. So a thorough reading of standard textbooks are essential along with keeping one abreast with current affairs through newspapers and magazines. A UPSC aspirant should try and correlate new Acts, bills and policies with the provisions in the Constitution.

The relevance of the subject:

The very foundation of our democracy stems from the Constitution. As both a UPSC aspirant and a citizen of the country, it is necessary to be aware of the cogs in the wheels of our governance. Further, once you clear the coveted civil services exam, as a personnel of the government, you will need to be in constant engagement with the public and their issues, the roots of which go deep into the subject matter of Indian Polity.

Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations

A quick glance at the chart would reveal that Indian Polity has been a favourite area in UPSC preliminary examinations. The nature of questions has generally been easy to medium with stress on conceptual clarity.


  1. Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikanth
  2. NCERT Class XI- Indian Constitution at Work
  3. NCERT -Democratic Politics I and II
  4. The Hindu
  5. Frontline/EPW