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Indian Parliament for IAS Prelims Preparation

The most number of questions in Indian Polity are asked from the topic ‘Parliament’.  

If we go through the questions that were asked during last few years, it is quite obvious that the UPSC expects an aspirant to know each and everything  in relation to the law making process, the budget process and the officers of Parliament.

 A very good understanding of this area can help you score better marks in Prelims. The no. of questions ranges from 4-6 each year.

 

  1. Organisation and Composition of Parliament
  2. Officers of Parliament
  3. Leaders of parliament
  4. Parliamentary Proceedings
  5. Legislative procedure
  6. Budget
  7. Parliamentary Committees
  8. Parliamentary Privileges
  9. Relative Position of Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha

 

  • Laxmikant 4th edition: Chapter 22, 23,24
  • NCERT Class XI- Indian Constitution at Work

[2011 Prelims]

1)What is the difference between “vote-on-account” and interim budget?
1. The provision of a “vote-on-account’’ is used by a regular government while an “interim budget’’ is a provision used by a caretaker government.
2. A “vote-on-account’’ only deals with the expenditure in government are budget, while an “interim budget’’ includes both expenditure and receipts.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only.
b. 2 only.
c. Both 1 and 2.
d. Neither 1 nor2.

2)The authorization for the withdrawal of funds from the consolidated fund of India must come from?
(a) The president of India.
(b) The parliament of India.
(c) The prime minister of India.
(d) The union finance minister.
3)All revenues received by the union government by way of taxes and other receipts for the conduct of government business are credited to the?
(a) Contingency fund of India.
(b) Public account.
(c) Consolidated fund of India.
(d) Deposits and advances fund.
4)When the annual budget is not passed by the Lok Sabha?
(a) The budget is modified and presented again.
(b) The budget is referred to the Rajya sabha for suggestions.
(c) The union finance minister is asked to resign.
(d) The prime minister submits the resignation of the council of ministers.

[2012 Prelims]

1)A deadlock between the Lok Sabha and Rajya sabha calls for a joint sitting of the parliament during the passage of

1. ordinary legislation
2. money bill
3. constitution amendment bill
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a) 1 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1,2 and 3
2) Consider the following statements:
1. Union territories are not presented in the Rajya Sabha
2. It is within the purview of the Chief Election Commissioner to adjudicate the election disputes
3. According to the constitution of India, parliament consists of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabah only
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 Only
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3 only
d) None

3) In the parliament of India, the purpose of an adjournment motion is
a) to allow a discussion on a definite matter of urgent public importance
b) to leer opposition members collect information from the ministers
c) to allow a reduction of specific amount in demand for grant
d) to postpone the proceedings to check the inappropriate or violent behaviour on the part of some members.

4) Regarding the office of the Lok Sabha speaker consider the following statements:

1. He/She holds the office during the pleasure of the President
2. He/She need not be a member of the house at the time of his/her election but has to become a member of the House within six months from the date of his/her election
3. If he/she intends to resign the letter of his/her resignation has to be addressed to the Deputy Speaker.
Which of the above statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 3 only
c) 1,2 and 3
d) None
5) Which of the following special powers have been conferred on the Rajya Sabha by the Constitution of India?

a) To change the existing territory of a State and to change the name of a State
b) To pass a resolution empowering the Parliament to make laws in the State List and to create one or more All India Services.
c) To amend the election procedure of the President and to determine the pension of the President after his/her retirement
d) To determine the functions of the Election Commission and to determine the number of Election Commissioners.
6) Which of the following are the methods of Parliamentary control over public finance in India?

1. Placing Annual Financial Statement before the Parliament
2. Withdrawal of money from Consolidated Fund of India only after passing the Appropriation Bill
3. Provisions of supplementary grants and vote-on-account
4. A periodic or at least a mid-year review of the programme of the Government against macroeconomic forecasts and expenditure by a Parliamentary Budget Office.
5. Introducing Finance Bill in the Parliament

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1, 2, 3 and 5 only
b) 1, 2 and 4 only
c) 3, 4 and 5 only
d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

[2013 Prelims]

1) What will follow if a money bill is substantially amended by the Rajya sabha?

a) The Lok sabha may still proceed with the Bill, accepting or not accepting the recommendations of the Rajya sabha.
b) The Lok Sabha cannot consider the Bill further.
c) The Lok sabha may send the Bill to the Rajya Sabha for reconsideration.
d) The President may call a joint sitting for passing the Bill.
2) Consider the following statements:
1. The Parliamentary Committee on Public Accounts
2. Consists of not more than 25 members of the Lok Sabha
3. Scrutinizes appropriation and finance accounts of the Government.
4. Examines the report of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 3 only
d) 1,2,3

3) Consider the following statements:

1. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya sabha are not the members of that house.
2. While the nominated members of the two Houses of the Parliament have no voting right in the presidential election, they have the right to vote in the election of the Vice president.

Which of the statements given above is /are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

[2014 Prelims]

1) Which one of the following is the largest Committee of the Parliament?
a) The Committee on public Accounts
b) The committee on Estimates
c) The Committee on Public Undertakings
d) The Committee on Petitions

2) Consider the following statements regarding a No-Confidence Motion In India:

1. There is no mention of a No-confidence Motion in the Constitution of India
2. A motion of No-confidence can be introduced in the Lok Sabha only.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both
d) None

[2015 Prelims]

1) Consider the following statements
1. The Rajya Sabha has no power either to reject or to amend a Money Bill.
2. The Rajya Sabha cannot vote on the Demands for Grants.
3. The Rajya Sabha cannot discuss the Annual Financial Statement.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 1 and 2 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 1,2,3

2) With reference to the Union Government, consider the following statements:

1. The Department of Revenue is responsible for the preparation of Union Budget that is presented to the Parliament.
2. No amount can be withdrawn from the Consolidated fund of India without the authorization from the Parliament of India
3. All the disbursements made from Public Account also need the authorization from the Parliament of India.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 2 only
d) 1,2,3

3) When a bill is referred to a joint sitting of both the Houses of the Parliament, it has to be passed by
a) A simple majority of members present and voting
b) Three-fourths majority of members present and voting
c) Two-thirds majority of the Houses
d) Absolute majority of the Houses

[2016 Prelims]

1)The Parliament of India acquires the power to legislate on any item in the State List in the national interest if a resolution to that effect is passed by the

(a) Lok Sabha by a simple majority of its total membership

(b) Lok Sabha by a majority of not less than two-thirds of its total membership

(c) Rajya Sabha by a simple majority of its total membership

(d) Rajya Sabha by a majority of not less than two-thirds of its members present and voting

Answer .d

2)Which of the following statements is/are correct?

1.A Bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses on its prorogation.

2.A Bill pending in the Rajya Sabha, which has not been passed by the Lok Sabha, shall not lapse on dissolution of the Lok Sabha.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer.b

[2017 Prelims]

1) With reference to the Parliament of India, consider the following statements:

  1. A private member’s bill is a bill presented by a Member of Parliament who is not elected but only nominated by the President of India.
  2. Recently, a private member’s bill has been passed in the Parliament of India for the first time in its history.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : D

2) The Parliament of India exercises control over the functions of the Council of Ministers through

  1. Adjournment motion
  2. Question hour
  3. Supplementary questions

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer D

3) The main advantage of the parliamentary form of government is that

(a) the executive and legislature work independently.

(b) it provides continuity of policy and is more efficient.

(c) the executive remains responsible to the legislature.

(d) the head of the government cannot be changed without election.

Answer: C

4) Out of the following statements, choose the one that brings out the principle underlying the Cabinet form of Government:

(a) An arrangement for minimizing the criticism against the Government whose responsibilities are complex and hard to carry out to the satisfaction of all.

(b) A mechanism for speeding up the activities of the Government whose responsibilities are increasing day by day.

(c) A mechanism of parliamentary democracy for ensuring collective responsibility of the Government to the people.

(d) A device for strengthening the hands of the head of the Government whose hold over the people is in a state of decline.

Answer:  C