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Indian Judiciary for IAS Prelims Preparation

Indian Judiciary is an integrated and independent system making the most striking unitary feature of Indian Constitution.

With the Supreme Court of India at its apex ,24 High Courts for States and Union Territories ,subordinate courts and tribunals, our Indian Judicial system is one of the most well-established institutions in India.

As an aspiring civil servant, one must be well aware of the jurisdictional and organisational aspects of Indian Judiciary. UPSC consider this topic quite important in both Preliminary and Mains Examination.

  1. Supreme Court( NJAC & Collegium)
  2. High Courts
  3. Lower Courts
  4. Tribunals
  • Laxmikant 4th edition: Chapter 25, 30, 31 & 60.

[2012 Prelims]

1) What is the provision to safeguard the autonomy of the supreme court of India?

1. While appointing the Supreme Court judges, the president of India has to consult the CJI.
2. The SC judges can be removed by the CJI only
3. The salaries of judges are charged on the consolidated fund of India to which the legislature does not have to vote.
4. All appointments of officers and staffs of the SC are made by the govt only after CJI


a) 1,3
b) 3,4
c) 4 only
d) 1,2,3,4

2) Which of the following are included in the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?

1. Dispute between the Government of India and one or more States
2. A dispute regarding elections to either House of the parliament or that of Legislature of a State
3. A dispute between the Government of India and Union Territory
4. A disputes between two or more States.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 4

d) 3 and 4

[2014 Prelims]

1)The power of the Supreme Court of India to decide disputes between the Centre and the States fall under its

a) Advisory jurisdiction
b) Appellate jurisdiction
c) Original jurisdiction
d) Writ jurisdiction

2) The power to increase the number of judges in the Supreme Court of India is vested in

a) The President of India
b) The Parliament
c) The Chief Justice of India
d) The Law Commission

[2015 Prelims]

1) Who/Which of the following is the custodian of the Constitution of India?

a) The president of India
b) The prime Minister of India
c) The Lok Sabha Secretariat
d) The Supreme Court of India

[2017 Prelims]

1) In India, Judicial Review implies

(a) the power of the Judiciary to pronounce upon the constitutionality of laws and executive orders.

(b) the power of the Judiciary to question the wisdom of the laws enacted by the Legislatures.

(c) the power of the Judiciary to review all the legislative enactments before they are assented to by the President.

(d) the power of the Judiciary to review its own judgements given earlier in similar or different cases.

Answer: A