• Indian Culture for Prelims Preparation
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Indian Architecture


  1. Prehistoric cave paintings
  2. Indus Valley Civilization
  3. Mauryan Pillars and Stupas , Barabara caves
  4. Gupta Architecture
  5. Rock Cut Architecture- Ajanta, Ellora, Karle,Elephanta  etc
  6. Temple Architecture
    1. Nagara ,Dravida and Vesara styles
  7. Western Chalukya and Badami Chalukya architecture
  8. Hoysala Architecture
  9. Vijayanagara Architecture
  10. Buddhist and Jain temples
  11. South Indian Architecture by Cholas, Pallavas and Pandyas
  12. Indo- Islamic Architecture


  1. Indus valley
  2. Mathura and
  3. Gandhara school
  4. Gupta School
  5. Amravati school


  1. Major types of Sarees
  2. Brass and Metal Arts
  3. Pottery
  • Ancient India by Makkan Lal- Chapter 8
  • Class VI-NCERT-Our Past I- Chapters 4 9 & 12
  • Class VII-NCERT- Our Past II- Chapters 5 & 6
  • Class XI- NCERT- An introduction to Indian Art- Chapters 1 to 8
  • Class XII- NCERT- Themes in Indian History- Part 1- Chapters 1,2 & 4
  • Class XII- NCERT- Themes In Indian History – Part II- Chapter 7
  •  Spectrum’s Facets of Indian Culture Chapter 7

[2012 Prelims]

1)Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called “Bhumiparsh Mudra”. it symbolizes
a) Buddha’s calling of the earth to watch over Mara and to prevent Mara from disturbing his meditation
b) Buddha’s calling of the earth to witness his purity and chastity despite the temptations of Mara
c) Buddha’s reminder to his followers that they all arise from the earth and finally dissolve into the earth and thus this life is transitory
d) both a and b are correct.

2)The Nagara, the Dravida, and the Vesara are the
a. three main racial groups of the Indian subcontinent.
b. Three main linguistic divisions into which the languages of India can be classified
c. three main styles of Indian temple architecture.
d. three main musical Gharanas prevalent in India

[2013 Prelims]

1)With reference to the history of Indian rock-cut architecture, consider the following statements:
1. The caves at Badami are the oldest surviving rock-cut caves in India.
2. The Barabar rock-cut caves were originally made for Ajivikas by Emperor Chandragupta Maurya.
3. At Ellora, caves were made for different faiths.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3
2)Some Buddhist rock cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas. What is the difference between the two?
(a) Vihara is a place of worship while Chaitya is the dwelling place of the monks
(b)Chaitya is a place of worship, while Vihara is the dwelling place of the monks
(c) Chaitya is the stupa at the far end of the cave, while Vihara is the hall axial to it
(d) There is no material difference between the two

[2014 Prelims]

1)Consider the following towns of India :
1. Bhadrachalam
2. Chanderi
3. Kancheepuram
4. Kamal
Which of the above are famous for the production of traditional sarees / fabric?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) 1, 3 and 4

[2015 Prelims]

1)With reference to the art and archaeological history of India, which one among the following was made earliest?
(a) Lingaraja Temple at Bhubaneswar
(b) Rock-cut Elephant at Dhauli
(c) Rock-cut Monuments at Mahabalipuram
(d) Varaha Image at Udayagiri

[2017 Prelims]

1) Which of the following is/are famous for Sun temples?

  1. Arasavalli
  2. Amarakantak
  3. Omkareshwar

Select the correct answer using the code given below :

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: A