• Indian Culture for Prelims Preparation
  • Environment and Ecology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Science & Technology
  • Indian History
  • Current Affairs

India- Climate, Crops and Vegetation

Indian Climate

  • Indian Monsoon
  • El-Nino, La- Nina & Indian Ocean Dipole
  • Climate Change


  • Tropical Rain forests
  • Tropical Moist and Dry Deciduous Forests
  • Deserts
  • Thorn  and Shrubs Forests
  • Montane Forests
  • NCERT- CLASS IX- Contemporary India I- Chapter 4 & 5
  • NCERT- Class XI- Indian Physical Environment- Chapter 4& 5
  • Majid Hussain- Geography of India- Chapter 4 & 5

[2011 Prelims]

1)Among the following states, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production, and can develop an export oriented industry in this field ?

(a) Andhra Pradesh.

(b) Arunachal Pradesh

(c)Madhya Pradesh.

(d)Uttar Pradesh

2)The lower Gangetic plain is characterised by humid climate with high temperature throughout the year. Which one among the following pairs of crops is most suitable for this region ?

(a) Paddy and cotton.

(b) Wheat and jute.

(c) Paddy and jute.

(d) Wheat and cotton.

3)A state in India has the following characteristics:

  1. Its northern part is arid and semiarid.
  2. Its central part produces cotton.
  3. Cultivation of cash crops is predominant over food crops.

Which one of the following states has all of the above characteristics ?

(a) Andhra Pradesh.

(b) Gujarat.

(c) Karnataka.

(d) Tamil Nadu.

[2012 Prelims]

1)Consider the following statements:

  1. The duration of the monsoon decreases from southern India to northern India.
  2. The amount of annual rainfall in the northern plains of India decreases from east to west.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

2) Consider the following crops of India :

1.Cow pea

2.Green gram

3.Pigeon pea

Which of the above is/are used as pulse , fodder and green manure?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1,2 and 3

3)Consider the following crops of India:

  1. Groundnut
  2. Sesamum
  3. Pearl millet

Which of the above is/are predominantly rained crop/crops?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 3 only

d) 1,2 and 3

[2013 Prelims]

1)Consider the following crops

  1. Cotton
  2. Groundnut
  3. Rice
  4. Wheat

Which of these are Kharif crops?

(a) 1 and 4

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 2, 3 and 4

[2014 Prelims]

1)The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of

(a) Equatorial climate

(b) Mediterranean climate

(e) Monsoon climate

(d) All of the above climates

2)If you travel through the Himalayas, you are likely to see which of the following plants naturally growing there?

  1. Oak
  2. Rhododendron
  3. Sandalwood

Select the correct answer using the code given below

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

[2015 Prelims]

1)Which one of the following National Parks has a climate that varies from tropical to subtropical, temperate and arctic?

(a) Khangchendzonga National Park

(b) Nandadevi National Park

(c) Neora Valley National Park

(d) Namdapha National Park

2)Consider the following States :

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Mizoram

In which of the above States do ‘Tropical Wet Evergreen Forests’ occur?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3