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Historical Background of Indian Constitution

Constitution of India as it took shape in 1949 was in fact the product of a long process of evolution starting with the early days of the British Empire. The colonial administration looking for maintenance of order and collection of revenue in the territories it had conquered set about introducing measures to support these two objectives. Over a period of time, these assumed the form of Acts and Regulations , which is referred as the historical background of indian constituition . This is detailed in the ‘Sub Topics’ section.

We help you to connect the theme with the pattern of questions previously raised in the civil service exam along with required material to be read on the same.

Historical Background

  1. Regulating Act, 1773
  2. Pitts India Act, 1786
  3. Charter Act 1813
  4. Charter Act 1833
  5. Charter Act 1853
  6. Government of India Act 1858
  7. Indian Councils Act 1861
  8. Indian Councils Act 1893
  9. Indian Councils Act 1909
  10. Government of India Act 1919
  11. Government of India Act 1935
  12. Indian Independence Act , 1947
  13. Making of Constitution



  • NCERT Class XI – Indian Constitution at Work
  • Laxmikant 4th edition: Chapter 1, 2,3 & 4

[2012 Prelims]

1)The distribution of powers between the Centre and the States in the Indian Constitution is based on the scheme provide in the

a) Marley-Minto reforms 1909
b) Montagu-Chelmsford Act 1919
c) Govt. of India act, 1935
d )Indian independence act 1947

2)Which of the following is/ are the principal feature(s) of the Government of India Act, 1919?

  1. Introduction of dyarchy in the executive government of the provinces.
  2. Introduction of separate communal electorates for Muslims
  3.  Devolution of legislative authority by the Centre to the provinces

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

[2014 Prelims]

1)With reference to Indian History, the Members of the Constituent Assembly from the Provinces were
(a) directly elected by the people of those Provinces
(b) nominated by the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League
(c) elected by the Provincial Legislative Assemblies
(d) selected by the Government for their expertise in constitutional Matters 2013 Prelims

2)Consider the following statements:
A constitutional Government is one which
1. Places effective restrictions on individual liberty in the interest of state authority.
2. Places effective restrictions on the Authority of the State in the interest of individual liberty.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both
d. None

[2015 Prelims]

1)The Government of India Act of 1919 clearly defined
a.The separation of power between the judiciary and the legislature
b.The jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments.
c.The powers of the Secretary of State for India and the Viceroy
d.None of the above.

[2017 Prelims]

1) In the context of Indian history, the principle of `Dyarchy (diarchy)’ refers to

(a) Division of the central legislature into two houses.

(b) Introduction of double government i.e., Central and State governments.

(c) Having two sets of rulers; one in London and another in Delhi.

(d) Division of the subjects delegated to the provinces into two categories.

2) The mind of the makers of the Constitution of India is reflected in which of the following?

(a) The Preamble

(b) The Fundamental Rights

(c) The Directive Principles of State Policy

(d) The Fundamental Duties

Answer: A

3) Which one of the following objectives is not embodied in the Preamble to the Constitution of India?

(a) Liberty of thought

(b) Economic liberty

(c) Liberty of expression

(d) Liberty of belief

Answer: B