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Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights of Indian Constitution

The Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy forms the soul or the fundamental part of our Constitution.It grants justiciable and non-justiciable rights to the citizens of India.Further, the directives provide the path forward to be followed by the Government in legislating new policies and executing them.In other words, it ensures that the government should establish a”welfare state”. A clear understanding of this topic along with a study of important Supreme Court judgments forms the base to built upon Indian Constitutional law.  

Fundamental duties, a new addition to the Constitution imposes a co-relative duty for rights that are conferred by our Constitution. There are 11 duties that are imposed upon the citizens of India and a UPSC aspirant is expected to know every one of them.

An analysis of the questions asked from the area shows that ,at least two questions are asked every year which includes application level questions .

Fundamental Rights

  1. Definition of State- Art 12
  2. What is law & Judicial Review- Art 13
  3. Right to Equality- Art 14,15,16,17 & 18
  4. Right to freedom- Art 19, 20,21,2
  5. Right against Exploitation- 23,24
  6. Right to religion-Art 25-28
  7. Cultural and Educational Rights- Art 29,30
  8. Constitutional Remedies- Art 32
  9. Restrictions to Fundamental Rights- Art 31A, 31B, 31C

Directive Principles [Art 36-51]

Fundamental Duties- Art 51A

  • Laxmikant 4th edition: Chapter 7, 8, 9

[2012 Prelims]

1) Which of the following is/ are among the fundamental Duties of citizens laid down in the Indian Constitution?

1. To preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture
2. To protect the weaker sections from social injustice
3. To develop the scientific temper and spirit of inquiry
4. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 only
c) 1, 3 and 4 only
d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

2) The national green tribunal act. 2010 was enacted in consonance with which of the following provisions of the constitution of India?
1. Right to healthy environment, construed as a part of Right to life under article 21
2. Provision of grants for raising the level of administration in the scheduled areas for the welfare of scheduled tribes under article 275(1)
3. Powers and functions of gram Sabah as mentioned under article 243 (A)

Select the correct option from the codes given.
a) 1 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) 1, 2 and 3
3) Consider the following provisions under the Directive Principles of State Policy as enshrined in the Constitution of India:

1. Securing for citizens of India a uniform civil code
2. Organising village panchayats
3. Promoting cottage industries in rural areas
4. Securing for all the workers reasonable leisure and cultural opportunities.

Which of the above are the Gandhian Principles that are reflected in the Directive Principles of State Policy?

a) 1, 2 and 4 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1, 3 and 4 only
d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
4) Which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India has a bearing on Education?

1. Directive Principles of State Policy
2. Rural and Urban Local Bodies
3. Fifth Schedule
4. Sixth Schedule
5. Seventh Schedule

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 and 2 only
b) 3, 4 and 5 only
c) 1, 2 and 5 only
d) 1, 2, 3 4 and 5

5) Under the constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental duty?
(a) To vote in public elections.
(b) To develop the scientific temper.
(c) To safeguard public property.
(d) To abide by the constitution and respect its ideals.

[2013 Prelims]

1)‘Economic Justice’ as one of the objectives of the Indian constitution has been provided in
a) The Preamble and the Fundamental rights
b) The Preamble and Directives Principles of state Policy
c) Fundamental rights and the Directive Principles of state Policy
d) None of the above

2)According to the Constitution of India, which of the following are fundamental for the governance of the country?

a) Fundamental rights
b) Fundamental duties
c) Directive Principles of state Policy
d) Fundamental rights and Fundamental duties

[2014 Prelims]

1)In the Constitution of India, promotion of international peace and security is included in the
a) Preamble to the constitution
b) Directive Principles of State Policy
c) Fundamental duties
d) Ninth schedule

[2015 Prelims]

1)Consider the following statements regarding the Directive Principles of State Policy:
1. The principles spell out the socio-economic democracy in the country.
2. The provisions contained in these Principles are not enforceable by any court.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both
d. none

2)“To uphold and protect the Sovereignty Unity and Integrity of India” is a provision made in the

a) Preamble of the Constitution
b) Directive Principles of state policy
c) Fundamental Rights
d) Fundamental duties

3)The ideal of ‘Welfare State’ in the Indian Constitution is enshrined in its
a) Preamble
b) Directive Principles of state Policy
c) Fundamental rights
d) Seventh Schedule

[2017 Prelims]

1) Which of the following are envisaged by the Right against Exploitation in the Constitution of India?

  1. Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
  2. Abolition of untouchability
  3. Protection of the interests of minorities
  4. Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 4 only

(b) 2, 3 and 4 only

(c) 1 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: C

2) One of the implications of equality in society is the absence of

(a) Privileges

(b) Restraints

(c) Competition

(d) Ideology

Answer: A

3) Which principle among the following was added to the Directive Principles of State Policy by the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution?

(a) Equal pay for equal work for both men and women

(b) Participation of workers in the management of industries

(c) Right to work, education and public assistance

(d) Securing living wage and human conditions of work to workers

Answer: B

4) Which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Rights are claims of the State against the citizens.

(b) Rights are privileges which are incorporated in the Constitution of a State.

(c) Rights are claims of the citizens against the State.

(d) Rights are privileges of a few citizens against the many.

Answer: C

5) Consider the following statements:

With reference to the Constitution of India, the Directive Principles of State Policy constitute limitations upon

  1. legislative function.
  2. executive function.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D

6) In the context of India, which one of the following is the correct relationship between Rights and Duties?

(a) Rights are correlative with Duties.

(b) Rights are personal and hence independent of society and Duties.

(c) Rights, not Duties, are important for the advancement of the personality of the citizen.

(d) Duties, not Rights, are important for the stability of the State.

Answer: A

7) Which of the following statements is/are true of the Fundamental Duties of an Indian citizen?

  1. A legislative process has been provided to enforce these duties.
  2. They are correlative to legal duties.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C