• INDIAN POLITY FOR CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATIONS
  • Indian Culture for Prelims Preparation
  • Environment and Ecology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Science & Technology
  • Indian History
  • Current Affairs

Flora and Fauna of India

  1. IUCN Red List Species
  2. Endangered Species
  3. Endemic Species of India
  • NCERT- Class X- Geography Chapter 2
  • Current Affairs from The Hindu

[2011 Prelims]

1)A sandy and saline area is the natural habitat of an Indian animal species. The animal has no predators  in that area  but its existence is threatened due to the destruction of its habitat. Which one of the following could be that animal ?

(a)    Indian wild buffalo.

(b)    Indian wild ass.

(c)    Indian wild boar.

(d)    Indian gazelle.

2) The “Red Books’’ published by the international union for conservation of nature and natural resources (IUCN) contain lists of ?

(a)    Endemic plant and animal  species  present in the biodiversity hotspots.

(b)    Threatened plant and animal species.

(c)    Protected sites for conservation of nature and natural resources in various countries.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below :

(a)    1 and 3.

(b)    2 only.

(c)    2 and 3.

(d)    3 only.

[2012 Prelims]

1)Vultures used to be very common in Indian countryside some years ago are rarely seen nowadays. This is attributed to

a) the destruction of their nesting sites by new invasive species

b) a drug used by cattle owners for treating their diseased cattle

c) Scarcity of food available to them

d) a widespread, persistant and fatal disease among them

2)Which one of the following groups of animals belongs to the category of endangered species?

a. Great Indian bustard, Musk Deer, Red Panda and Asiatic Wild Ass

b. Kashmir Stag, Cheetah, Blue Bull, GIB

c.Snow Leopard, Swamp Deer, Rhesus Monkey, Saras (Crane)

d. Lion Tailed Macaque, Blue Bull, Hanuman Langur, Cheetah

3)Consider the following:

  1. Black-necked crane
  2. Cheetah
  3. Flying squirrel
  4. Snow leopard

Which of the above are naturally found in India?

a) 1, 2 and 3 only

b) 1, 3 and 4 only

c) 2 and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

4)What is the difference between the antelopes Oryx and Chiru?

a )Oryx is adapted to live in hot and arid areas whereas Chiru is adapted to live in steppes and semi­desert areas of cold high mountains

b) Oryx is poached for its antlers whereas Chiru is poached for its musk

c )Oryx exists in western India only whereas Chiru exists in north east India only.

d )None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct.

[2013 Prelims]

1)Consider the following fauna of India:

1.Gharial

2.Leatherback turtle

3.Swamp deer

Which of the above is/are endangered?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

2)In which of the following States is lion-­tailed macaque found in its natural habitat?

  1. Tamil Nadu
  2. Kerala
  3. Karnataka
  4. Andhra Pradesh

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 only     

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

3)Consider the following animals:

  1. Sea cow
  2. Sea horse
  3. Sea lion

Which of the above is/are mammal/mammals?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

4) Consider the following

  1. Star tortoise
  2. Monitor lizard
  3. Pygmy hog
  4. Spider monkey

Which of the above found in India?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[2014 prelims]

1)Other than poaching, what are the possible reasons for the decline in the population of Ganges River Dolphins?

  1. Construction of dams and barrages on rivers
  2. Increase in the population of crocodiles in rivers
  3. Getting trapped in fishing nets accidentally
  4. Use of synthetic fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals in crop­fields in the vicinity of rivers

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

2)If you walk through countryside, you are likely to see some birds stalking alongside the cattle to seize the insects, disturbed by their movement through grasses.  Which of the following is/are such bird/birds?

  1. Painted Stork
  2. Common Myna
  3. Black­necked Crane

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 3 only

[2015 Prelims]

1)With reference to ‘dugong’, a mammal found in India, which of the following statements is/are  correct?

  1. It is a herbivorous marine animal.
  2. It is found along the entire coast of India.
  3. It is given legal protection under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 3 only

2)Which one of the following is the national aquatic animal of India?

(a) Saltwater crocodile

(b) Olive ridley turtle

(c) Gangetic dolphin

(d) Gharial