• Indian Culture for Prelims Preparation
  • Environment and Ecology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Science & Technology
  • Indian History
  • Current Affairs

Environmental Laws and Regulations in India


  1. Air Act
  2. Water Act
  3. Environmental Protection Act, 1972
  4. Indian Forests Act, 1927
  5. Forest Conservation Act, 1980
  6. Wildlife Protection Act,1972
  7. National Biodiversity Act, 2002
  8. National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
  9. TSR Subramaniam Panel Recommendations



  • http://environmentallawsofindia.com/about-us.html
  • NIOS Study material

[2012 Prelims]

1)How does National Biodiversity Authority help in protecting the Indian agriculture?

  1. NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.
  1. NBA directly monitors and supervises the scientific research on genetic modification of crop plants.
  2. Applications for intellectual property rights related to genetic/ biological resources can not be made without the approval of NBA.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

a) 1 only 

b)2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) 1, 2 and 3

[2014 Prelims]

1)With reference to ‘Eco­Sensitive Zones’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Eco­Sensitive Zones are the areas that are declared under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 .
  2. The purpose of the declaration of Eco­Sensitive Zones is to prohibit all kinds of human activities, in those zones except agriculture.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

2)Consider the following statements:

  1. Animal Welfare Board of India is established under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  2. National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body.
  3. National Ganga River Basin Authority is chaired by the Prime Minister.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

[2015 Prelims]

1)The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee is constituted under the

(a) Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006

(b) Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999

(c) Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

(d) Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

[2017 Prelims]

1) According to the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, which of the following animals cannot be hunted by any person except under some provisions provided by law?

  1. Gharial
  2. Indian wild ass
  3. Wild buffalo

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D

2)  In India, if a species of tortoise is declared protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, what does it imply ?

(a) It enjoys the same level of protection as the tiger.

(b) It no longer exists in the wild, a few individuals are under captive protection; and now it is impossible to prevent its extinction.

(c) It is endemic to a particular region of India.

(d) Both (b) and (c) stated above are correct in this context.

Answer: A

3)  The term ‘M-STrIPES’ is sometimes seen in the news in the context of

(a) Captive breeding of Wild Fauna

(b) Maintenance of Tiger Reserves

(c) Indigenous Satellite Navigation System

(d) Security of National Highways

Answer: B