• Indian Culture for Prelims Preparation
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Biodiversity Conservation Areas in India


  1. Biosphere Reserves
  2. National Parks
  3. Sanctuaries
  4. Biodiversity Hotspots
  5. Mangroves
  6. Wetlands




  • NCERT- Class IX- Geography Chapter 5
  • NCERT- Class X- Geography Chapter 2
  • Current Affairs from The Hindu

[2011 Prelims]

1)Three of the following criteria have contributed to the recognition  of western  Ghats , Sri Lanka and Indo-­Burma regions as hotspots of biodiversity :

  1.    Species richness.
  2.    Vegetation density.
  3.    Endemism.
  4.    Ethno­botanical importance.
  5.    Threat perception.
  6.    Adaption of flora and fauna to warm and humid conditions.

Which three of the above are correct criteria in this context ?

(a)    1,2, and 6.

(b)    2,4 and 6.

(c)    1,3 and 5.

(d)    3,4 and 6

2)The 2004 Tsunami made people realize that mangroves can serve as a reliable  safety hedge against coastal calamities. How do mangroves function as a safety hedge ?

(a)    The mangrove swamps separate the human settlements  from the sea by a wide zone in which people neither live nor venture out.

(b)    The mangroves provide both food and medicines which people are in need of after any natural disaster.

(c)    The mangrove trees are tall with dense canopies and serve as an excellent shelter during a cyclone or Tsunami.

(d)    The mangrove trees do not get uprooted by storms and tides because of their extensive roots

3)Two important rivers­ one with its source in Jharkhand (and known by a different name in Odisha), and another, with its source in Odisha­ merge at a place only a short distance from the coast of bay of Bengal before flowing into the sea. This is an important site of wildlife and biodiversity  and a protected area. Which one of the following could be this ?

(a)    Bhitarkanika

(b)    Chandipur­

(c)    Gopalpur­

(d)    Simlipal.

[2012 prelims]

1)Consider the following protected areas:

  1. Bandipur
  2. Bhitarkanika
  3. Manas
  4. Sunderbans

Which of the above are declared Tiger Reserves?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1, 3 and 4 only

c) 2, 3 and 4 only

d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

[2013 Prelims]

1)Consider the following pairs:

  1. Nokrek Bio­ sphere Reserve : Garo Hills
  1. Logtak (Loktak) Lake : Barail Range
  1. Namdapha National Park : Dafla Hills

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

2)Consider the following pairs

National Park and  River flowing through the Park

  1. Corbett National Park     : Ganga
  2. Kaziranga National Park : Manas
  3. Silent Valley National Park : Kaveri

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2

(b)3 only

(c) 1 and 3

(d) None

[2014 Prelims]

1)Consider the following pairs

Wetlands                                                     Confluence of rivers

  1. Harike Wetlands                            : Confluence of Beas & Satluj/Sutlej
  2. Keoladeo Ghana National Park    :Confluence of Banas and Chambal
  3. Kolleru Lake                                      :Confluence of Musi and Krishna

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(e) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

2)Consider the following pairs

  1. Dampa Tiger Reserve : Mizoram
  2. Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary : Sikkim
  3. Saramati Peak : Nagaland

Which of the above pairs is /are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

[2015 Prelims]

1)Which of the following National Parks is unique in being a swamp with floating vegetation that  supports a rich biodiversity?

(a) Bhitarkanika National Park

(b) Keibul Lamjao National Park’

(c) Keoladeo Ghana National Park

(d) Sultanpur National Park

2)Which one of the following National Parks has a climate that varies from tropical to subtropical, temperate and arctic?

(a) Khangchendzonga National Park

(b) Nandadevi National Park

(c) Neora Valley National Park

(d) Namdapha National Park

[2017 Prelims]

1) From the ecological point of view, which one of the following assumes importance in being a good link between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats?

(a) Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve

(b) Nallamala Forest

(c) Nagarhole National Park

(d) Seshachalam Biosphere Reserve

Answer: A

2) Recently there was a proposal to translocate some of the lions from their natural habitat in Gujarat to which one of the following sites ?

(a) Corbett National Park

(b) Kuno Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary

(c) Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary

(d) Sariska National Park

Answer: B

3) If you want to see gharials in their natural habitat, which one of the following is the best place to visit?

(a) Bhitarkanika Mangroves

(b) Chambal River

(c) Pulicat Lake

(d) Deepor Beel

Answer: B